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Collard and Lotus Stem Curry - Kashmiri Haak Nadru

Dinner in 20 minutes with this Instant Pot Collard and Lotus Stem Curry - Kashmiri Haak Nadru. This one-pot dinner with crunchy lotus stems (a fibrous crunchy vegetable) and collard that is delicious and super easy to make.
Prep Time 5 minutes
Cook Time 15 minutes
Total Time 20 minutes
Course Main Course, Side Dish
Cuisine Indian, Kashmiri, North Indian
Servings 4


  • Electric Pressure Cooker


  • 4 tbsp oil of choice
  • 1/2 tsp asafoetida  (heeng)
  • 1 whole dried red chili pepper
  • 1 cup water
  • 1 tsp salt
  • 1/2 tsp  baking soda  (optional)
  • 3 serrano peppers, small slit lengthwise but still intact (hari mirch)
  • 1 bunch chopped collard greens (3.5 cups tightly squeezed in measuring cup, 0.65 oz)
  • 1 lotus stem (6.4 oz, 1 and 1/4 cups chopped)
  • 1/2 tsp  kashmiri tikki masala  (optional)



  • Chop the collard greens by cutting out the stalk edges. Then cut each leaf into 4 to 5 pieces. Place the chopped leaves in a colander and wash extensively.
  • Rinse and peel the lotus stem well. Chop them into round pieces. I typically soak them in water for 5 minutes after they are chopped to clean them well.
  • Make a small slit in each serrano pepper but keep them intact, whole.


  • Select sauté on the instant pot and add oil.
  • When the oil is hot add asafoetida, whole dried chili pepper and sauté for about 30 seconds.
  • Add water, and salt. Let the water boil. At this point you can add baking soda. (Adding baking soda is totally optional. However, some people add it to maintain the green color of the haak). Then add in the collard greens, slowly. This step is key. The collard greens need to be added in batches and stirred and submerged in the hot water. You can use a large spoon to press them down under the boiling water. This enables the collard greens to maintain their green color. When all the leaves are in the water, then add in the chopped lotus stems.
  • Add in 3 slit serrano peppers and stir well. Close the lid and select manual/high pressure for 3 minutes. When done quick pressure release. Open the lid and add the Kashmiri tikki masala (optional). Stir well. Transfer into a serving bowl right away. Serve hot over steamed rice.


  • The baking soda is added to maintain the green color of the collard greens. This step is totally optional. I don't add it on a regular basis.
  • Kashmiri tikki masala is not easily available in U.S. stores. So if you don’t have it, you can ignore that part.
  • Traditionally, Kashmiri food was made in mustard oil. However, people these days use oil of their choice.
Keyword Haak Nadir, Instant Pot Bhein, Instant Pot Collard Greens and Lotus Stem, Instant Pot Collard Greens Curry, Instant Pot Haak Nadru, Instant Pot Kashmiri Haak, Instant Pot Kashmiri Lotus Root, Instant Pot Lotus Root, Kashmiri Haak Nadru, Kashmiri Nardru Haak, Koshur Haak Nadir